Healthy Alaskans 2020 Leading Health Indicators

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Healthy Alaskans 2020

Evidence-based Strategies:
Reduce rape

National Criminal Justice Reference Service

Description: National Criminal Justice Reference Service. An Evidence-Based Review of Sexual Assault Preventive Intervention Programs by S. Morrison, J Hardison, A. Mathew, & J. O’Neil. 2004 Federally funded grant final report. Systematic, comprehensive literature review of English-language articles (within and outside the United States) evaluating Sexual Assault Preventive Interventions.

Specific Programs/Strategies: A total of 59 studies were reviewed, including 9 studies that reported evaluation results of SAPIs focusing on individuals with disabilities. The data provided in the summary descriptions of the SAPI studies highlight the methodological diversity across the studies. Although this diversity precluded a rigorous meta-analysis of the findings, the results of RTI’s analytic strategy indicate that 14 percent of the studies reported positive intervention effects at posttest or follow-up and 80 percent reported mixed results.

  • Target Audience: All Ages
  • Setting: School, Community
  • Recommendation: Exhibit 5.1 provides a summary of the salient suggestions gleaned from the articles reviewed. Appendix H provides a more detailed list of the suggestions and specific recommendations offered by the authors in research design, evaluation measures, intervention characteristics, and curriculum.
  • Review Agency: National Criminal Justice Reference Service
  • Related Topics: Domestic violence/sexual assault LHI #13
  • Website: National Criminal Justice Reference Service

Sexual Violence: Prevention Strategies

Description: CDC Injury Prevention and Control's Sexual Violence: Prevention Strategies. Efforts should decrease the number of individuals who perpetrate sexual violence and the number of individuals who are sexual violence victims. Many prevention approaches aim to reduce risk factors and promote protective factors for sexual violence. In addition, comprehensive prevention strategies should address factors at each of the levels that influence sexual violence -the individual, relationship, community, and society.

Specific Programs/Strategies: The most common prevention strategies currently focus on the victim, the perpetrator, or bystanders. Risk reduction strategies aim to equip the victim with knowledge, awareness, or self-defense skills. Strategies targeting the perpetrator attempt to change risk and protective factors for sexual violence in order to reduce the likelihood that an individual will engage in sexually violent behavior. The goal of bystander prevention strategies is to change social norms supporting sexual violence and empower men and women to intervene with peers to prevent an assault from occurring. Other prevention strategies may target social norms, policies, or laws in communities to reduce the perpetration of sexual violence across the population.

  • Target Audience: All ages
  • Setting: Community
  • Recommendation: To date, only one prevention program, Safe Dates, has been shown in a randomized controlled trial to prevent or interrupt sexual violence perpetration. Other programs are accumulating evidence for effectiveness and are moving towards or are currently conducting rigorous evaluations.
  • Review Agency: CDC Injury Prevention and Control
  • Related Topics: Domestic violence/sexual assault LHI #13
  • Website: Sexual Violence: Prevention Strategies

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