Healthy Alaskans 2020 Leading Health Indicators

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Healthy Alaskans 2020

Evidence-based Strategies: Reduce adolescent and children overweight and obesity

Center for Training and Research Translation

Description: Population-level interventions for nutrition, physical activity and obesity prevention. This list of twenty-six strategies is based on the best available evidence. Strategies were identified by cross-walking six of the most prominent documents on policy and environmental change intervention strategies for obesity prevention.

Specific Programs/Strategies: The intervention strategies can be searched by either setting or topic. The five settings are childcare, school, worksite, healthcare, and community. The three topic areas are breastfeeding, healthy eating, and physical activity.

Take 10!

Description: Physically active classrooms incorporate physical activity breaks, classroom energizers, or moving activities into academic lessons. Physically active classroom efforts can be implemented within an existing curriculum.

Specific Programs/Strategies: TAKE 10! is an evidence-based program that integrates physical activity, nutrition, and health concepts with academic lessons in elementary school classrooms, positively impacting both teachers and students.

  • Target Audience: Children (grades K-5)
  • Setting: School
  • Recommendation: Scientifically supported
  • Review Agency: RWJF What Works for Health
  • Related Topics: Physical activity, LHI #6
  • Website: Take 10!

Nutrition guidelines in preschool and childcare

Description: Nutrition and Physical Activity Interventions in Preschool and Child Care. Nutrition interventions include guidelines or policies governing the food children eat in preschool or child care. Physical activity programs directly guide children to increase their physical activity, whereas policy changes include devoting more time to physical activity, increasing activity in daily curricula, playground improvements, physical activity requirements, or restrictions on screen time.

Specific Programs/Strategies: Adhering to nutrition guidelines in preschool and child care can decrease children’s fat intake and increase fruit and vegetable intake. Physical activity interventions can increase fitness and motor skills. Physical activity interventions can reduce children’s weight or body fat in some circumstances. However, there is insufficient evidence to determine if nutrition or physical activity interventions reduce children’s risk of overweight. Policy and environmental interventions can also make preschool and child care more conducive to physical activity. Training teachers to integrate physical activity into learning to increase children’s physical activity is recommended.

Reduce screen time

Description: Obesity Prevention and Control: Behavioral Interventions to Reduce Screen Time.

Specific Programs/Strategies: Behavioral interventions to reduce screen time can be single-component or multicomponent and often focus on changing screen time through classes aimed at improving children’s or parents’ knowledge, attitudes, or skills. These interventions may include: Skills building, tips, goal setting, and reinforcement techniques; Parent or family support through provision of information on environmental strategies to reduce access to television, video games, and computers; a “TV turnoff challenge” in which participants are encouraged not to watch TV for a specified number of days.

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