Healthy Alaskans 2020 Leading Health Indicators

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Healthy Alaskans 2020

Evidence-based Strategies: Increase physically active adults and adolescents

Community-wide campaigns

Description: Community-wide campaigns to increase physical activity are interventions that involve many community sectors; Include highly visible, broad-based, multicomponent strategies (e.g., social support, risk factor screening or health education); May also address other cardiovascular disease risk factors, particularly diet and smoking. The Community Preventive Services Task Force recommends community-wide campaigns on the basis of strong evidence of effectiveness in increasing physical activity and improving physical fitness among adults and children.

Specific Programs/Strategies: Examples of Research-tested Intervention Programs are: Community Healthy Activities Model Program for Seniors (CHAMPS); and Wheeling Walks.

Individually-adapted health behavior change programs

Description: Individually-adapted health behavior change programs to increase physical activity teach behavioral skills to help participants incorporate physical activity into their daily routines. The programs are tailored to each individual’s specific interests, preferences, and readiness for change. These programs teach behavioral skills such as: Goal-setting and self-monitoring of progress toward those goals; Building social support for new behaviors; Behavioral reinforcement through self-reward and positive self-talk; Structured problem solving to maintain the behavior change; Prevention of relapse into sedentary behavior.

Specific Programs/Strategies: Linked to 8 examples of research-tested Individually-adapted health behavior change programs to increase physical activity.

Social Support Interventions in Community Settings

Description: Social Support Interventions in Community Settings focus on changing physical activity behavior through building, strengthening, and maintaining social networks that provide supportive relationships for behavior change (e.g., setting up a buddy system, making contracts with others to complete specified levels of physical activity, or setting up walking groups or other groups to provide friendship and support).

Specific Programs/Strategies: Not applicable

Enhanced School-Based Physical Education

Description: Enhanced School-Based Physical Education interventions involve modifying curricula and policies to increase the amount of time students spend in moderate to vigorous activity while in PE classes. Increasing the amount of time students are active can be achieved either by increasing the amount of time spent in PE class or increasing the amount of time students are active during already scheduled PE classes. Interventions in this review included changing the activities taught (e.g., substituting soccer for softball) and modifying the rules of the game so that students are more active (e.g., having the entire team run the bases together when the batter makes a base hit).

Specific Programs/Strategies: Linked to nine examples of Research-tested enhanced school-based physical education interventions.

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